C vs C++ vs C#

C vs C++ vs C#: What to learn first?

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Here are some Programming languages which every programmer should have a look and choose whichever is best for him or her 😎 .

C language

Difficulty ∗∗∗    Popularity  ∗∗∗∗∗    Created in 1972

C is a general purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations. Ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Originally intended for writing system software.

What is C used for?

  • Operating system
  • Software development
  • Hardware

Pros of C:

  • Portable- C is highly portable. You can develop software that runs on different platforms with no or very little modification.
  • C is small- C is fully based on variables, macros, functions, and structure that’s not all that much to it. Due to this, c has been embedded in almost any modern microprocessor, from fridges to alarm clocks.
  • Know C and you’ll know them all- Since almost all programming languages nowadays are themselves implemented in c, knowing c basically gives you a free ticket to knowing all programming languages.

Cons of C:

  • Runtime- C programming language has no runtime checking mechanism.
  • Object-oriented programming- Does not support object-oriented programming, hence why c++ was created.
  • Sizable learning curve- Not the easiest of programming languages to learn but certainly not the most difficult, ideal for people with knowledge of other programming languages.

C job market

  • Average salary-$102000
  • Job count-38456
  • Top job location-new York city Washington D.C San Francisco
  • Top employers of c programmers

C was used to build

  • Amazon Kindle
  • Linux
  • openGL

C fascinating facts:-

Many later languages have borrowed directly or indirectly from c, including C++, D, Go, rust, Java, JavaScript, Limbo, LPC, C#, Objective-C, Perl, PHP, Python, and Verilog.

 C was created between 1969 and 1973 at AT & T bell labs by Dennis Ritchie and used to re-implement the unix operating system.


C#

Difficulty ∗∗∗∗    Popularity ∗∗∗∗    Created in, 2000

A powerful and flexible programming language. Like all programming languages it, can be used to create a variety of applications. Your potential with C#  is limited only by your imagination. The language has no constraints on what you can do. C# has been used for projects as diverse as dynamic websites, dev tools and even compilers.

What is C# used for?

  • Windows applications
  • Business enterprise applications
  • Software development

Pros of C#

  • .Net library- Fully integrated with the .Net library, providing access to a great repository of functionality and support.
  • Transferable- It’s based on the C language, so the structure you learn is transferable to other languages like Java, Objective C, PHP, and C++.
  • In demand- C# along with Java is one of the top languages in demand for employers.

 Cons of C#

  • Not for newbies- C# is not the best programming language for newbies to start coding with. Very steep learning curve.
  • Cross-platform- Losses any cross-platform capabilities because of the integration with .Net.

C# job market

  • Average salary -$102000
  • Job count – 32916
  • Top job location- new York city mountain view San Francisco
  • Top employers of C programmers

C# was used to build…

  • Stack overflow
  • Evernote

Fascinating facts about C#

C# was going to be called cool, which stood for “c like object-oriented language” but for trademark reasons, decided against it.

C# is a principal designer and lead architect at Microsoft is anders Hejlsberg.


JAVA vs JavaScript vs Objective C – What to learn first?

Php vs Ruby vs Python – What to learn first?


C++

Difficulty ∗∗∗∗   Popularity ∗∗∗∗    Created in 1983

C++ is an object oriented programming (OOP) language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large- scale applications. C++ is a superset of C language.

What is C++ used for?

  • Software development
  • Search engines
  • Operating system
  • Video games

Pros of C++

  • Sets you apart- Learning to be proficient in C/C++ will put you in a place that sets you apart from most programmers in the market, with C/C++ you will gain a deeper appreciation of how programming languages like Java or Python work in regards to memory management and how you do that and pitfalls like double free’s.
  • Fine Tuning- C++ will allow you to finely tune your application and leverage all the power of the computer. It is quite unfriendly to write compared to Java, but you can do anything with it.
  • Steep Learning curve- C++ is really difficult to learn, but one language that will give you the edge over programmers if you are fluent.
  • Vast in size- C++ is extremely huge and it’s various features interact in horribly complex ways. No developer can use the entire set of building blocks it provides, but it takes great effort and wisdom to choose the correct subset for your program.

C++ job market-

  • average salary- $104000
  • job count-32816
  • top job location-new York city Seattle  San Francisco
  • Top employers of C++ programmers

C++ was used to build-

  • Google
  • Outlook

C++ Fascinating facts:-

There are 84 keywords in C++.

C++ is portable across all devices and is supported by android, apple, Windows phone, and Blackberry.

C++ was developed in 1983 by Bjarne stroustrup, as an enhancement of the C  programming language.

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