Beginners Guide To Learn Photography
Beginners Guide To Learn Photography


What is Photography?

After searching the internet for valid definitions of photography as well as reading the blogs of many photographers, I concluded that photography is merely the art of seeing things, beauty, face or event from a different perspective and capturing that particular moment in the form of a picture or a photograph.

Just like everything in this world is perceived differently by everyone living in it, similarly, photography aspires to be unique for everyone around too.

What is it for me? As I explained above, it is merely the art of seeing. When you take a walk around the street, or in your home or when you’re trying to get ready for a particular event, there comes a moment in either of the three situations that you freeze and you notice something you want to keep forever.

Sometimes that particular thing wants to be engaged in your memory forever. Or sometimes you want to change it and turn it into a prized possession.

That feeling or thrill is what constitutes the way to being a great photographer. Most of the times when we’re taking a walk, and we stumble upon a place, we want to capture it but adding it a bit of your creativity. This creativity, thinking, seeing, all forms an art, an art of photography.

An assumption on an artist

Consider an artist, when he wants to paint something. He relies entirely on his imagination. He starts working in the way his brain instructs him to and slowly he creates something beautiful.

Many times, the same artist paints a picture by completely changing it. He sees one thing, but he wishes to transform it into a different entity. The original piece stands firmly in its scale of beauty, but when the artist processes it, you can never see it as the same.

Same goes for photography, note that we don’t entirely rely on our imagination in photography, but it plays a more significant role in it. We see things which genuinely inspires us to capture it. Most of us take it as it is but others intend to change it or transform it into something completely different.

Those few numbers of us fiddle with our imagination, play with our gear, and finally, we pour our entire being into it hence creating something so worthy that it can never be seen the same as its original version again.

Seeing, imagining, creating and finally capturing. Those are four words which when practiced fully paves the way to becoming a great sensational photographer with the power of vision.

Photography comes from passion if you’re passionate about your work. Or in better words, if you’re loving of treating this as work and not just fool around, you’ll be able to reach a higher level.

There’s nothing wrong in treating it as a hobby. But many of us aspire to create careers from it. And you can’t achieve that if you treat it as a side thing. So yes, to be passionate about your work, in this case, is highly essential.

Now keep in mind that, it is not always about the gear. Photography can never achieve with just holding right equipment. No, you need to open your eyes and actually ‘see’ if you want to be a successful photographer.

A more about Photography

How do you actually ‘see’? For this purpose, you need to take control over yourself, you need to look for things or events or places that make you happy, which makes you sad, which inspires you, which makes you yearn for something great, but most of all, which makes you want to stand out in a crowd.

You have to change your level of thinking, you have to get outside the books, and you have to look at things differently. How? Again, you have to unleash your inner self. You have to look for beauty in the dirtiest slums, you have to see a sense of sadness in the brightest smiles, and you have to look for an artist in every being.

Just like your inspirations and feelings, you have to analyze everything else with theirs as well. Look for the things that make people happy, for the lights that keep the landscape serene, for the ripples that help to calm an ocean, for the shower of glamour that lights up the Hollywood.

Look, see, watch, and observe, everything and everyone including yourself. The best thing about photography is that it can make you and your subject happy. Your theme will be pleased because of obvious reasons.

But you will feel much more than happiness. You will feel triumphant, victorious and encouraged to aspire for more and eventually for best.

This level of passion, thrill, adrenaline is what makes a photographer tremendous and opening your inner eye is what defines photography and demands it to be stored in your memories as a souvenir forever.

Origins of Photography

As all of you can probably guess, the word ‘photo’ means light while the word ‘graph’ means the representation of lines. Altogether forming ‘representation of light.’

It is a Greek word. However, many have used the same word from specific roots. A legend says that Hercules Florence, a French painter from Brazil used the French form of this word namely ‘photographie’ in his works. Experts believe he wrote them somewhere around 1834.

Similarly, many others used the same word in their specific language in an attempt to give it a new name. However, it was Sir John Herschel who used the word for the first time in public hence confirming its existence for real.

History of Photography

The idea of photography was first created in the late 1000 A.D. by a Muslim scientist named Ibn-al-Haytham. He created a pinhole camera which would show us upside down images. They created pictures but couldn’t be touched or kept. This way was how they invented the idea of photography.

After this, they realized that one needs an obscure or a dark room to capture an image. It was a Joseph Nicephore Niepce who created the world’s first photograph by coating bitumen onto a piece of metal or glass. It wasn’t a colored photo, but it was something.

Later Niepce joined hands with Louise Daguerre, creating a new form of photography namely daguerreotype, a forerunner of modern film. The two worked for a long time together, and after niece’s death, Daguerre accomplished daguerreotype.

The method used was coating copper plate with silver which was then exposed to iodine vapors before presenting it to light and then exposing the daguerreotypes to light for 15 mins to create an image.

The photo taken was as follows:

The daguerreotypes became very famous and later on replaced in the 1850s with emulsion plates or merely wet plates. For a time, these remained high on the billboard but then returned in the 1870s by gelatin process which was very beneficial and highly accepted around the globe.

However, the thought was unsatisfactory when people couldn’t get their hands on their cameras or carry them in their hands. For this particular reason, KODAK appeared in the 1880s. It was a company created by a wealthy man namely George Eastman which introduced several portable cameras and better images.

Nonetheless, at that time, it was too expensive for ordinary people to afford so only the rich of the rich and the best of the best could get their hands on it. Later on, in the 1940s the cameras were produced in such bulk that prices considerably fell and many could afford it.

The detailed history, as well as the first images, could be studied thoroughly on the internet. However, the following link provides great insights as well as a timeline of photographs from the first image to the very modern.

You can get your hands on a brief as well as a precise history of photography provided one is interested in doing so.

20 First Photos from the History of Photography

Types of Photography

Photography comes in different forms and genres. Just taking a picture is photography but there are different types into which you can classify this one picture. There are many categories of photography, which we are about to discuss as follows:

  • Aerial Photography
  • Landscape Photography
  • Wildlife Photography
  • Thunderstorm Photography
  • Rain Photography
  • Rainbow Photography
  • Black and White Photography
  • Architectural Photography
  • Panoramic Photography
  • Macro Photography
  • Photojournalism
  • Candid Photography
  • Forensic Photography
  • Event Photography
  • Fashion Photography
  • Infrared Photography
  • Newborn Photography
  • Colored Photography
  • Underwater Photography
  • Travel Photography

There are many more forms, other than these, of photography. It all depends upon the creativity of a particular person. Let’s discuss the above one by one.

Aerial Photography

Photography took from some distance or made from a particular angle above the ground employing highly accurate cameras, and air crafts are called aerial photography.

The photographs since taken from an angle provides an overall view of the scene beneath. You require a very highly precise camera is for this, i.e., you need a camera with fixed focal lengths, reasonable shutter speeds, and high-quality lens to capture an excellent aerial photograph.

Mostly though, planes, aircraft, drones, kites, etc. are used to take such photographs because these mediums can fly hundreds of kilometers above the ground and create a perfect angle to capture a good shot.

You can tilt your camera or maybe tilt your helicopter or aircraft to produce an angle. Note that word angle has been used a variety of times in this paragraph, the reason being that aerial photograph doesn’t work well without an edge.

If you’re flying above without creating an angle then your photograph will turn out to be average however if you aim for a corner, you’ll see that the pictures come off spectacularly.

Because of this point, we have defined types of aerial photography.

Oblique Photography

This photograph is shot by looking down at an angle to the ground. Or in other words, you have to take a picture from a particular perspective to the field by keeping the ground as your fixed point.

This point doesn’t mean you aim for an utterly upright stance instead you try and tilt yourself or your equipment to an angle. Several sub-types accompany this photography for example Low Oblique and High Oblique. However, we need not go into such details.


As the name indicates, a photograph taken almost vertically from the ground is called the near vertical photography.

In oblique, we aimed at a specific angle avoiding the 90 degrees. Well in this, we strive for a 90 degrees shot or in other words pure straight towards the ground or vertical to the ground. It has specific types too: Straight Vertical and True Vertical.

Wide Shot

A type of aerial photography which aims to cover everything of its subject as well as the area surrounding it. For instance, if an organization wants to get a shot of their building along with the roads and area surrounding it to get a clear picture, they’ll opt for full shot photography.

Extensive shot photography is useful in planning infrastructure as you get the adequately calibrated version of the area you need. Also, you need a high metric camera for this as well as for the other types of aerial photography.

Close Up

This option coincides perfectly with oblique and near vertical type. It captures the rim of a specific subject and fills it possibly.

In a clear context, pictures that you take from above filling the entire space not allowing any part of the surrounding or clear view of the full body of a subject. It just focuses on the region which is to be captured.


This type has an extreme difficulty definition on the internet. It merely is taking many pictures of the scene in front of you and drawing them together hence creating a long panoramic shot capturing every single intricate detail.

Panoramic has got to be my favorite out of all these types as it gives you a full inch photo of an entire scenic view without the end to eliminate anything. However, you need to be ultimately precise to capture such a shot hence getting an exact panoramic view is sometimes impossible.


Possibly the only one where our vast knowledge gives up. However, the internet says that this type of photography is best used for mapping or correcting topographic faults by indication.

Safe to say this links with near and correct vertical form of photography, but the difference is that commoners or beginners don’t have to use it. Professionals or architects mainly use it or planning people for their work.

Advantages of Aerial Photography

Its primary uses are in:

  • Cartography.
  • Topographic plans.
  • Land-use planning.
  • Architecture.
  • Movie productions.
  • Environmental planning.
  • Conveyancing.
  • Artistic projects.
  • Advertising.

Some examples of aerial photography are as follows.

Landscape Photography

Landscapes are beautiful, amazing and breathtaking. Majority of us enjoy taking snaps of stunning views. In fact, many of us want a career in this type of photography. The landscape is the most beautiful form of photography, but it’s got to be the most difficult one according to my opinion.

You see it’s not that simple to capture the true essence of a landscape. Even professionals struggle with receiving that ‘wow’ result. The reason behind this is simple: lights.

Yes, there is a lot of light outside in an open view so capturing the perfect picture with just the right amount of light can sometimes prove to be very difficult.

Here, a beginner needs to understand the core value of photography, i.e., he needs to be a bit familiar with the terms ISO, SHUTTER, and APERTURE. Three essential terms upon which the pillar of photography rests.

However no need to fret about it if you’re clueless. The way I learned to take good landscapes was through practice. Yes, a tedious procedure but no doubt a beneficial one.

To achieve the perfect landscapes, you need to travel more, go for a drive to the unknown places, and try using google maps if you must.

Experiment with your gear, take photos of any scape you find then test it in different modes or other words, change the lighting, exposure, ISO, etc. and see how the photo looks in different ways.

Tips for taking Landscape Photography

Don’t just wait for the perfect weather, take a chance in the most dangerous climates. After all, it is the storms that produce the best rainbows. Try different angles, take a photo from one corner then move onto others.

Take many photos and eventually see which captures your interest the most. Usually, photographers when capturing landscapes, reduce the lightning for their photos. They manage a great scene, but the beginners when going for the same trick fail miserably.

The reason is that mostly the lightning is reduced to its lowest form and the rest of the applications to their original ones. When experimenting with light, you have to keep in mind your ISO too.

You should adjust the ISO at high according to your favorable desires if the lightning is at low. Fiddle with exposure, change it to high and low and see which one fits your landscape. It would be a great shame if you travel hundreds of kilometers to capture a perfect breathtaking scenery and you come back with a boring, bland one.

Yes, nature exhibits its beauty but you are a photographer, your imagination must go sideways with creativity if you ever aspire to be the best. So, the list of essentials to remember when you look out for landscapes are:

List of essentials to remember on Landscape Photography

Bring all your equipment

Your entire gear should be with you, prepare yourself at every point. Make sure you have all of your stuff. Otherwise, it’s entirely useless to carry on.

Research the location before

Be spontaneous, but a little research on the situation is for your good as you can get a rough sketch in your mind about the possible outcomes you will face. Also, by knowing your area a bit, your brain will start jotting ideas before you even reach your point which might help you over there.

Check for the weather and timings

Usually, the weather doesn’t harm much, if your perfect sunny day transforms into clouds and rain then don’t worry too much as rain and clouds give off its beauty and favor more sometimes. By timings, I mean check the schedules for sunrise and sunset. You can take the best photographs usually at the crack of dawn and twilight zone so try using it to your advantage.

Consider the horizon

If you are aiming for landscapes with water body around it, then try including the reflection of the sky in water in your photographs. This point is indeed professional level photography. But by practicing shots, you can get one in a single go. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but it can be something. And who knows? You might perfect it right there which will include another skill to your list.

Focus on your lights

Make sure the lighting is perfect in your camera else your landscapes won’t do you much good. As mentioned before the lights combined with the ISO and the adjustment of shutter gives way to remarkable photos.

As a beginner, your first step should be to adjust your camera on manual mode. You can tease the camera settings a bit. Once you get the hang of it a little, then the automatic method won’t be a problem. In fact, then you’ll probably work more with manual mode and prefer it everywhere.

One last thing

The last thing to engrave in your mind is not to give up at all. The first time will be difficult. You’ll get frustrated with the lack of results. You would need to fiddle with your settings more, but you mustn’t give up. Remember, practice makes a man perfect.

The first few times, your shots might not be having that ‘wow’ feature, but slowly and gradually you’ll get to it. So be patient and appreciate your efforts. Following are some examples of landscape photography.


Wildlife Photography

Animals, probably the cutest form of nature you’ll ever see hence, I can understand the twitching you get when you look at a fluffy rabbit run by or a cute squirrel prodding away at a nut. Wildlife photography is the study of the photos of animals.

This has got to be the most challenging photography as here you need to consider a lot of things. Yes, it isn’t easy to capture the perfect photos of animals.

Now I know what you’re thinking, that beginners should practice first, take random shots, etc. while that is without a doubt true, it should also be kept in mind that now is the time to perfect your skill and learn the essentials.

Once you ignore the essentials, then you can never get back to them. So it’s better to have command on the essential rules when it comes to wildlife photography, trust me when I say, you won’t regret it ever.

Things to know about Wildlife Photography

When it comes to wildlife, you must keep in mind that these are not something you control. Their actions drive them. They will stand, they will walk, they will run, and in some cases, they will pounce. So how to achieve their best stances and actions?

Well, you have to study them first. Yes, boring but again essential. As a beginner, this is definitely must for you to consider. If you plan on getting snaps of park animals like squirrels and birds and other creatures.

You are required to make a full, thorough study on them. Learn what drives them away, what catches their attention, learn about their movement, their quirks, their weaknesses and their strengths. The more you know about a creature, the better.

As discussed above, these are animals so you can’t expect them to make poses for you. Rather it is you who have to do the ultimate work. You have to look for the perfect area, the perfect boulder, all the while keeping in mind the time frame, because one moment the animal will be right in front of your eyes and the next it will scurry off to a nearby bush or tree. Here in such cases, the knowledge of rule of thirds is highly important. We will discuss this rule in full detail but for now, remember that the rule of thirds is something which can enable great photos if mastered carefully.

Time to spend on Wildlife Photography

For wildlife photography, patience is a necessity. You have to stay with the animal and be there when it takes a good leap. You might have to stay for hours, maybe the entire day but it will be worth it when the animal you want will be captured perfectly in your camera. Many photographers would spend 5 to 6 hours to obtain some action from the animal. So if you’re looking for something quick, then this is not for you.

The next important feature is to know your gear. Yes, it is utmost necessary for you to master your gear for this type of photography. You need to know the type of lens used for birds, the amount of focus required for face captured animals, the amount of lighting you need. Everything your camera does is what you should be aware of which is why this makes for one of the most difficult forms of photography.

Even as a beginner, you have to master all your techniques, and it still won’t be enough when you eventually get to the field. The best time for wildlife photography is early in the morning as the lighting is just favorable to the eyes at that moment as well as our moods automatically liven up and we enjoy our work more.

So, points to keep in mind when photographing wildlife:

Master your gear

Know the tiny intricate details it offers, works with them, and play with them till you understand every step of it.

Be quick

Keep in mind that you have to be extremely quick when it comes to animals, so make sure that you remain energized. You might have to run or creep or stay completely silent for hours at the same time making sure the animal doesn’t escape your grasp.

Explore new levels

Once you’ve mastered your gear, then it’s time to break the rules a little. What I mean is, once you learn the necessities then try to break out of them and explore new levels. What makes wildlife extremely difficult is that many photographers have captured the animals with the same essence. Hence leaving no room for creativity, since photography is all about creativity so make sure you use some of it in your snaps otherwise it will look bland and like every other snap out there.

Be patient

The most important rule in wildlife photography. I have mentioned this three times in this paragraph so you should know that if I’m emphasizing it, then this could be important to consider. Patience is very important as animals might sometimes run off or other times look completely uninterested hence not giving the perfect vibe for a photo. You might have to stay for them for a lot of hours to get them to do something and then when they do, make sure you’re there to capture that moment. If you’re unable to capture then don’t give up as the fruit of patience is always the sweetest.

Enjoy your work

Don’t get too messed up in technical difficulties. Be aware of the moment; sometimes you’re actions will drive the animals to do something capture worthy. Hence live every single grain of it.

Knowledge about animals

Just like your gear, you should master your knowledge regarding the animals as well. Keep in mind that by knowing or uncovering the secrets of an animal. You’re getting one step closer to developing a good bond with it, and a good bond creates good photos. Many photographers go through every single bit of research to prepare themselves when it comes to animals when in field hence you should do the same. Start slow and eventually learn a lot.

Here are some of the examples of wildlife photography:

Thunderstorm Photography

Thunderstorms, just the name creates mixed sensations in our bodies. As the name indicates, the photographing of harsh lightening and storms is called thunderstorm photography. Thunderstorm photography is the type many tend to ignore because of lack of interest. But here’s the thing, once you get a hang of it a little, you’ll realize that this type of photography comes with a package of adventure, fun, thrill, and danger.

Yes, this type of photography is fun, but it’s extremely dangerous too. So one should be prepared at all times. Many of us are thunder fanatics, and we want to capture the perfect light illuminating the sky along with its entangled webs. However, keep in mind that no photographer has yet captured a completely perfect thunder without the help of Photoshop. Why is that? Well, wherever there is thunder, there is heaps of rain, and in some cases, there are hails. Not only do you have to find a spot which can shelter you from the lightning but you have to look for a spot which can give you a perfect click on it as well. All in all, safety and work go hand in hand which can be managed when photographing other stuff but will be extremely difficult when photographing thunders.

Preparation for Thunderstorm photography

The word preparation plays a big role in this type of photography. You have to have extra clothes, extra cash for emergencies, and some paper towels for your camera; a tripod stand to carry out your equipment. The best place to capture lightning from is your car. Since it is dangerous to be in open fields or hills or near a tree during lighting, hence it’s advisable to stay in your car and take a picture from there.

For the camera, you can use plastic bags and cut a hole in it long enough to let the lens peak out. Your focus should be at infinity, and your shutter should be prepared according to the given circumstances. Most photographers go for B-shutters when capturing thunder.

More about Thunder Photography

The exposure is something which we can’t help you with as that is something you need to figure out on your own. Basically, everything in case of a thunder has to be figured out by you because when it comes to thunderstorms everyone has their own ideas and imagination also the camera works differently in variable situations.

Some places the storms are at their peak while in others it might not be that dangerous hence the best way to master it is to experiment with it. Keep on capturing shots of lighting whenever you get the chance and slowly you’ll understand the type of mode or setting you want. The only thing that is completely evident is the focus which must be at infinity and the shutter should be at its maximum too.

Following points are to be kept in mind when shooting lighting:

Stay in touch with the weather forecast

Yes, make sure you know when the thunder is supposed to strike so you can prepare for it beforehand. If you don’t follow this, then you might miss it completely or rather fail to get the full-fledged thunder shot.

Be ready for an adventure

Prepare for an adventure, follow the storm, sometimes you have to drive to a variety of locations to get the perfect click. So always be ready for an adventure, this is actually essential for such photography as sometimes the storm varies from place to place. By driving out to different locations, you get a more clear idea and your pictures turn out to be vibrant.

Be safe

Always make sure you’re safe. Never and I mean never take photos of a storm in open field. It is extremely dangerous and can cause imminent death if struck. Also, your equipment is more likely to be metal and working with metal in open field doubles your chances so it is definitely advisable to look for a safe place first. Avoid open fields, hills, trees, standing near pole lines or electricity poles, your houses. As mentioned above, the best place to take a photo of lighting is from your car window.

Knowledge of Photoshop

Photoshop is important for this type of photography. You can never expect to get a beautiful click of the thunder. Why? Because there’s a lot of rain, sometimes it is accompanied by hails. Either w,ay there will ba e disturbance in your photos which you can’t help with. You will realize it as soon as you start working in the rain. No matter what you do, sometimes your lens will get smeared with rain. Due to this, it will give you the blur images.

Other times, you’ll get a disrupted image because of the wind. You need lots of patience with this one. Hence to get that one perfect click is next to impossible unless if you’re extremely professionals but even those face a lot of difficulties. Since this is beginner level, so keep in mind that unless and until you have Photoshop skills; only then you can get a satisfactory image, otherwise not.

Try to use a used camera

There is a chance that while taking a picture, you can accidentally destroy your camera. The rough weather can damage your camera and you cannot use it next time for another venture. So when thinking of clicking a thunder, try to take an already used camera with you. It will be easier to function as it has been used already. Also if it gets damaged then it won’t cost you a lot of money. A used camera is good for such shots not because of its economic reasons but because of the fact that the buttons and dials are usually softened up because of the touch so analyzing it quickly makes it easier. You can use your best cameras as well but remember there is a possibility of permanent damage.

Following are some of the examples:


Rain Photography

The photographs in which the rain is the common background is called rain photography. The word ‘rain’ is something which can scare off everyone with a camera. Beginners and professionals alike don’t prefer the rain as it can damage your gear forever. However, there are still some out there who loves the rain and try to make the best of it by creating good pictures in the rain.

One of it has to be me! Yes, your gear can get damage but with some safety measures, you’re good to go. Also, the rain gives way to some spectacular photographs. Rain happens to the perfect symbol of love, drama, happiness, gloominess, all in one. It is the perfect chaos but also it’s the calm that one needs after a hot wave. Very few are lucky to catch the changing moods of rain. Once out in the street during the rain, you might even enjoy yourself.

Rain Photography among Professionals

Rain photography isn’t much popular among the professionals. Usually, beginners tend to go for it so as to unlock some other heavy features of their camera. Professionals do consider it but they’d much prefer sunlight over rain any day. Notice that whenever it’s raining, the lighting reduces considerably. In some cases, there is dark around you. However, you can use this to your advantage by setting your camera with just the right amounts of ISO or aperture and you’ll be able to capture the perfect drops.

One of the main photographers of rain is ART WOLFE. He travels a lot in jungles of various countries and gets the perfect click of rain as well as nature. His pictures give you the idea of capturing creativity in rain. Now since rain proves to be a bit challenging to enhance your creativity upon, that is why many back out but they seem to forget that even the slightest dribble can give way to extraordinary beauty.

Some of the things to consider when photographing in the rain:

Protect your gear

Nowadays, very nice lens covers are available in the market to protect your camera lens. However this doesn’t mean that you only go for the lens covers and other fancy stuff. You can always protect your camera through your hoodie or jacket or a plastic bag. Also many cameras invented nowadays are weather resistant but it’s still advisable to take care of the equipment just in case. Also, such equipment comes in hefty price so it’s better to use a second handed camera with safety measures applied.

Wait for rain

Don’t go packing when the rain slightly changes its behavior, rather embrace it. Rain always creates drama. So, cover that one splash, that one dash for the telephone booth or some other shelter. Feel the rain in its literal sense, you’ll realize that the moods which we work upon quite diligently appears right in front of us during the rain. Moreover, the amount of emotions you can capture is immense. Some people thoroughly enjoy it, others suffer from distress. You can capture every detail perfectly without any problem.

Carry an umbrella with you

When you’re expecting rain, then it’s advisable to carry an umbrella. You can capture a variety of modes for a longer period without getting drenched or getting your gear in trouble. With an umbrella, you can relax and might want to work for a longer period. As discussed above, rain creates a sense of drama so you can capture every single face of it if you stay longer.

Try to capture the single drop image

For a beginner, this might seem as the most difficult job but majority of the learning as well as the learnt photographers have mastered this. Its better if you do too, work on your focus. See which mode fits best, again simply play with your camera. The rain comes in quite a bulk so hopefully by the end of the drizzle, you’d have captured a single droplet. Here your main work lies with focus, your movement, time and precision. How much your focus work, how you control your movement to capture that one essence, how quick you are indulging the camera within the movements of rain and how precise you are in getting the final image.

Camera is only a machine

Yes, your camera despite its functions and efforts and work, it’s still just a machine so go easy on it. Even if it is splash resistant, be sure to protect it a bit after some time in the drizzle. The cameras contain small wires and dials. Sometimes the screen damages a bit, other time some wire inside it and so on. Either way one single thorn has enough power to bloody your entire finger so be careful.

Be patient

Don’t give up, granted we’ve discussed it over and over again. It is important because as a beginner one wants to achieve an amazing result on the first go. It is possible but sometimes unattainable. Be patient, even if you have managed to get the perfect droplets, you’ll discover much more on every turn.

One last thing

Lastly, don’t ignore the nature when photographing rain. Many out there are fond of street photography when it comes to rain. However keep in mind that rain and nature are a good combination and go sideways. Also they have the ability to completely enable the element of awe in a person. Every single theme has its secret. Rain will reveal it but you have to observe it extremely carefully if you want to capture it. Because if it was easy then everyone can do it. Hence, do not ignore your nature with the rain.

Some examples of rain photography are as follows:

Rainbow Photography

The type of photography which completes the definition of magical. Rainbow photography can be very tricky and extremely difficult for a beginner to capture. However, I can give you some nice tips and hopefully you’ll be able to capture one perfectly. Before we start, let me tell you more about the rainbow photography. While photography is all about imagination and creation, we have a third element included too. However, we tend to ignore it because of the way people criticize it. That third element is magical. Now, this isn’t some fairy tale true. But ask yourself, when you get the perfect picture, it contains realism, quality, and creativity. But there is something else too on which you can’t quite put your hands. Well that my friends is ‘magical’.

Rainbow photography is for those people who believe in a little fairy tale situation. The formation of Rainbows happens when the sun refracts or reflects the light emitted from a droplet. To capture it, you need precision, stillness, gear and of course a tiny bit of luck. Sometimes spotting it can be difficult. Other times you can spot it in situations which you can deem difficult. So you see, the luck part works sideways with this.

Following are some the tips to keep in mind while photographing a rainbow:


When you spot a bit of moisture in the atmosphere or when you feel rain coming close by, then it’s the perfect time for rainbow. Drive around or walk around and find a suitable location for photographing a rainbow. Sometimes a rainbow appears before a thunderstorm so keep a lookout for it before one.

Find the perfect background

Now when you’ve spotted the rainbow, make sure to get the perfect photo. How to do that? Well, the first thing to consider is to find a perfect background. If by any chance you spot a rainbow on a landscape then make sure to include the landscape. Make sure to include it in a way that the rainbow doesn’t fade out. In most cases, the background is supposed to be bland or dull. It is because then the rainbow will stand out but it depends upon your area.

If your background happens to be the sky, then make sure to capture it in such a way that the rainbow, as well as sky, is enhanced. If it is around the waterfall, then include a bit of it in your frame creatively, you’ll be glad to do so. Remember photography is all about creativity so be creative when you spot a rainbow. Examine your surrounding carefully and contemplate which way to get the brighter rainbow along with a good background.

Positions to photograph

There are a variety of positions to photograph a rainbow. Some capture right from the middle of the arc, others from the sides. You can even try to capture the entire circle. If you want to focus on the middle of the arc, then you have to work harder to capture beauty with it. But if you merely want an arc then, make sure the colors of the rainbow are vivid. If you’re going to capture the sides, then add a sense of uniformity in that picture. Also, make sure the background forms with it a little.

My favorite part or position would be to focus on the sides of the rainbow intersecting with some object or anything at all. That way you get a perfect arc along with a splendid background. Now for a beginner, capturing the entire circle is next to impossible. Sometimes you need to capture it via aerial ways and other times you need extreme precision for that.

Usage of gear

Your gear needs to be completely still when photographing a rainbow. Usually carrying out this task with your hand becomes extremely difficult. So, it’s better to carry it out with a tripod stand. A tripod stand in case of the rainbow photography is important. It gives you the proper balance, and the stillness one needs to carry out the task. Make sure your camera is on low aperture. In other words, lower the depth, the more chances you have of capturing the most vivid rainbows.

The next thing to keep in mind is your exposure. We need proper exposure for this. So if you want a perfect blend, make sure your camera has this filter. This is extremely beneficial for capturing rainbows in the sky. You use your exposure on the sky hence giving it a perfect look. Your rainbow appears wide and vivid with a burst of colors. If it’s still raining, then you might want to cover your gear up. We have already covered this in rain photography but a little heads up never harm anybody.

Your luck

As discussed, luck is entirely important when it comes to rainbows. Since rainbow itself are magical even though they have been explained a lot more times scientifically, so luck is needed equally. Sometimes, you’ll come across places with the perfect rainbows, and it would be a shame if you haven’t gotten your camera with you. Other times, while you’re busy setting your gear the rainbow will disappear off between the clouds. And sometimes, no matter how still you are, you won’t be able to capture the right thing. For this purpose, I can give you one tip. Experiment or in other words practice. Keep on doing so, and one day you’ll get a great picture featuring the rainbow.

Create your Rainbow

If by any chance you desperately want to photograph a rainbow, and you can’t seem to spot one then create your own. All it takes is some mist, water hose, and sunlight. The next thing you know a small band of colors will form for sure giving you the ultimate opportunity of capturing the rainbow.

Following are some of the examples of rainbow photography which can help create a picture in your mind and possibly help you in your ventures of capturing the rainbow itself:


Black and White Photography

Black and White photography or simply the monochrome photography is one of my favorites. When you convert an image from its colored form to black and white is what we call monochrome photography. While many of us struggle with this type of photography, others seem to deal with as if it’s a piece of cake which it is if you follow some simple tips. Black and white is the type of photography which has been going side by side with us for quite a long time.

The concept of black and white has been etched in our brains ever since the old movies. If you desperately want to succeed with black and white photos, I suggest you start watching some old classic movies first. They will do nothing more than enhance your vision and you’ll be able to picture a colored background into simple monochromatic ones. Nowadays cameras offer a lot of tools which we overlook because of our lack of knowledge in it however we tend to forget that everything is there for a reason and so you can create good black and white images from your camera easily.

The tricks to obtain it are simple, lets discuss them one by one:

Picture your background

Black and white is something difficult to achieve in a world full of colors. So, my first tip would be to imagine your desired background in black and white. Once you do, you get an idea of what to achieve while you’re working on it.

Click a colored photo first

The next thing that is essential is to make sure to get a colored photo first. And then try it in black and white modes. This provides us the benefits of creative imagination. It helps us to differentiate and ultimately choose the best. It gives us a clear option ‘nature or man-made’.

Click in RAW and JPEG format

Have you ever noticed the option of RAW in your camera? Well if you haven’t, then now is the good time to introduce yourself to it. Usually, when photographers go for monochrome, they take a photo and then convert it into RAW. But this was done in early times. You should know that now you can shoot RAW photos along with JPEG directly from your cameras. They will give you a good click in monochrome. These features are available in every camera nowadays. By using it, you’ll realize how special it is. It gives a whole new form to your pictures. So if going for black and white, RAW and JPEG should be your starting points.

Work on contrasts

Contrasts are vital for a good black and white photo. You have to work sincerely on your contrast making skills when taking such photos. Here’s how your imagination comes handy. Once you analyze a picture in blacks and whites, you get a raw idea as to how it would turn out. Avoid using monochrome contrasts when taking pictures of small flowers along with grass or tiny mushrooms and other little plants. The reason is that such plants or things are already creating their contrast with nature. And nature is best in all forms. When you change it, it becomes something dull boring and bland and who wants such photos? No one. So contrasting skills are extremely important. Make sure to use them in places where you have a hard background with good lines and curves. The contrasts create a fine texture and all in all you get good photos.

Good exposure

Exposure is your friend when you’re hunting for black and white. However, there are places where you have to be careful to use such amount which blends your photo. The difficult part of getting black and white photos is that mostly they come out as bland and dull. And we have to avoid the word dull at every cost. Too much exposure will be bad as well as too little. In my opinion, one should use little exposure. But make sure to apply it just before the photo to see what suits it.

Use Filters and polarizing effects

Filters and polarizing effects sincerely help us in our black and white ventures. You can use filters, see which one works with your pictures the best. You can add a few polarizing effects giving life to a black and white photo. The tricky part is that sometimes the photo speaks volumes, other times it is silenced completely. To ensure that your photo looks lively, despite the colors, is to choose the one with lots of hurdles in it. By this, I mean that if you apply a filter and polarizing effects on the open sky, for instance, the photo immediately becomes ugly. Whereas, if you apply it on a messed sky or basically when there’s a thunderstorm nearby, then the amount of volumes it speaks is unimaginable.

Photoshop skills

Lastly, you will require your Photoshop skills in these. However, you will only need the easiest methods and not the complicated ones. These you can quickly master after watching some tutorials. According to many photographers, Silver Efex Pro 2 is the best platform to create black and white images. Personally, I have never used it, so my knowledge regarding it is not adequate. Keep in mind that Photoshop won’t reduce that original effect you’re trying to achieve. It simply brings out its vibrant colors and transforms something ordinary into extraordinary.

Black and white photos can come out great with just a few steps as mentioned above. If you don’t analyze your photo in black and white, then there are high chances of not getting the perfect photo. Remember, it can either be great, or it can be completely boring. So, it’s up to you to use your skills accordingly and see which you prefer. It definitely won’t be a bad one so try the above tips before you settle for a monochrome image. Following are some of the images by photographers around who have managed to get exquisite photos at the same not losing the element of voicing out thoughts:


Architectural Photography

Architectural photography is the type where you capture buildings, designs some other structures which are similar to their subjects, etc. This type of photography doesn’t prove to be quite tedious to many as compared to others. It is because, with the building in front of you, you almost have a clear idea how you want your picture to be. You should consider a few things regarding your gear. But all in all, you are good to go for it any time.

Mostly architects take pictures of their supposed building to get a clear idea where they need more improvements or accuracy. Photographers seldom look for inspiration in buildings. Don’t get me wrong, many do, but majority usually go for landscape or other types. Personally, I love photographing historic or ancient buildings. Moreover, the first photo taken by me turns out to be architectural. Capturing the building in the form of a photo can be easy. But it can be quite tricky if you aim for something more than just the bland building. However, I wouldn’t call it too complicated or impossible to go for.

A few things must be considered when aiming for architectural photography and they are listed as follows:

Find a location

Make sure you have a location in your mind. Now simply walking around is also considered. But if you already have a certain location you want to film in your mind, then it makes things easier. You already probably know about the building hence you know which form brings out the most of it. Whether the building gives off a good vibe during the day or the night is what you already are aware of. So, clicking away shouldn’t be a problem.

Study the building

If you’re unaware of the building, then spend some time studying it. Maybe learn its history or background. See if there is a story attached to it. It will give your work the benefit of speaking for itself. So yes, researching a bit wouldn’t hurt. Also, once done with your research, spend some time contemplating it. Look at it during the day and then come back for it during the night. Examine it thoroughly; you’ll find it works great for your photos later on. Usually, there are buildings which are simple during the day but shine out during the night. That’s why thorough research is advised to capture the building in its entirety.

Carry your gear

Keep your gear with you at all times when you’re exploring the buildings. You never know when inspiration might strike and the urge to take a photo might arise. Hence, keeping your gear with you at all times gives you the advantage of clicking away small structures. You might also take a good photo when the opportunity arises.

Check out the weather

Weather shouldn’t be a problem when it comes to photographing buildings. Usually, sunny skies or clear skies make the building quite simple. But the same building in bad weather will be the most eye-catching ones. So when a storm or intense rain or wind is about to hit, then you should go out and look for the building that looks great in them. Make sure to take some safety precautions along the way but all in all you should be fine. Usually, historic buildings or churches become extremely eye-catching in time of the rain or black cloudy weather. Photographing them in that form brings out they’re most as compared to their simplest forms during clear weather. So if there’s rain threatening to pour the day you want to photograph the building, then don’t let it stop you at all.

Good camera and lens

Make sure your gear is at the top mark when photographing buildings. You cannot expect to capture great photographs with simple cameras. Granted you might get good pictures but not photographer worthy ones. You need extra wide lens or fish eyes lens for such photographs. If your camera supports such lens then fine, otherwise I suggest you get one that does. Buildings need to be captured perfectly with their full impacts, a fish lens or wide lens can help you achieve them with plain accuracy.

ISO settings

The ISO feature in your cameras should be settled to low when capturing buildings. The reason is that a lot of light enables the photo to lose its essence when it comes to buildings. In some cases, high ISOs work perfectly, but I wouldn’t recommend it at all. However, it again depends on circumstances and the way a person perceives things. One might capture the perfect photo with high ISO while other might not. You can always change it in your settings, but the majority of the photographers out there recommend low ISO.

Use Panorama feature

In some cases, you aren’t able to get the entire picture of the building hence not giving you the ultimate satisfaction. Under those circumstances, panoramic feature in the camera proves to be quite useful. You can always stitch up a variety of shots together making one single frame. With panoramic, there is no chance of a photo looking fake or too much.

Filter your photos

Retouch your photos by filtering them a little. It doesn’t mean to change their look completely but add a few minor details. It can include sharpening them, creating better contrasts, balancing the auto white setting and using a bit of exposure. This provides the perfect dynamic for the photos. And you will easily notice the difference between the pre and post editing pictures. The enhancement which will favor your photos in the post section will be ten times better than the pre-editing ones.

Crop the photos

Cropping in case of tightly assigned buildings standing together isn’t a problem either. In fact in such photographs, you can hardly point whether you have cropped them or not. So if you feel the need to crop your photos then don’t hesitate in doing so. Sometimes the background doesn’t match or other problems we face that makes cropping necessary.

Following are some examples of architectural photography:


Panoramic Photography

Panoramic photography is stitching up two or more photos together to create one big photo. It is the type of photography which is highly favored by almost all photographers, beginners and professionals alike. Usually, we take pictures of buildings or landscapes or anything else in pieces. It is because as our cameras do not support such huge frame. For this purpose, panoramic is used. You can take a lot of photos of a particular building and then stitch it up together forming a panorama of one big picture. If taken correctly, the panorama doesn’t feel like separate images bound together and the sense of realism shrieks from every corner.

It is favored by architects around the world too. They are always in need of a bigger frame so panoramic helps them to achieve their goal. For beginners, this is very beneficial. By learning the ways of a panorama, you’ll be able to gather more sense into your photos. You would be able to distinguish pretentious from mundane. There are no special tricks when it comes to panoramic photography. At least I haven’t noticed much difference. The rules are the same as used above for any other picture. The difference being all those applied for a picture consisting of only one while this consists of gazillions.

Nevertheless some points to consider while photographing for panoramic feature:

Study your surroundings

Make sure to analyze your surroundings. If your panoramic came off with different features, then it might not be considered a good one. Each photo would create its path. But it’s still advisable to try clear backgrounds without any sign of disturbance. This rule is not for every type of photography out there, just a few like architectural or landscape. Provided you can create some good shots in these as well but make sure you don’t lose the originality.

Good lens

Your gear should contain all the essential elements needed for a panoramic. The most important being lens. You need wide front lens or fish eyes lens. Do not hope to achieve a panoramic with something other than these. You will need to create a huge frame. And that frame would be non-existent if your pictures came out bland or of poor quality and texture.

Carry a Tripod stand

Make sure to carry a tripod stand with you. A Tripod stand is important when it comes to a panoramic shot. You need your camera to be void of any movements or disturbances as well as slight errors. You need to be completely still when it comes to taking multiple pictures for a panoramic shot. Since our hands usually waver especially during multiple shots, so it’s better to use a tripod stand for precision. A tripod stand can give you nice photos for a panoramic view.

Use wide frame

A panoramic shot must be of a wide frame. Many take a lot of photos, but the frame altogether proves to be a very small one for a panorama. Hence, make sure that the panorama you plan on achieving is wider and bigger. Besides, we’ve all heard of the bigger, the better. I don’t know about anything else, but in case of a panorama, you won’t regret your choice of having a wide frame.

Filters in Landscape

In case of a landscape, avoid using multiple filters or different modes no matter how wonderful it looks. The way a pure natural landscape stand is the way a filtered one can only dream to achieve. Landscapes are known for their natural beauties and originality. And when making a panorama out of it, it’s bound to become even more breathtaking. But nature has its way of presenting itself. So, make sure you don’t ruin it by adding extra stuff to it despite being majorly talented or creative. You can use it for your idle pleasure. But if you want to achieve something on a professional level then avoid adding any fake filter to it. You can use slight stuff to sharpen your images or completely change it by transforming it to monochrome. Although, do not change its modes in one panorama.

Use of filters

In every other sense of photography, you’re allowed to use your filters, modes, exposures and whatever else you plan on using. You can create amazing panoramas with your skill as well. You can use it in architecture or to show different modes of weather. Or maybe the different faces of a certain building etc. Also, you can enhance, sharpen and enliven your panorama by adding a little bit color or filter to it. But my advice would be to avoid showing different modes in one panorama.

Knowledge of Photoshop

Photoshop is necessary everywhere when it comes to photography. Many people manage great photos without Photoshop as well. But those who use it has photos of the top level. Panorama is wide frame photograph of combined photos so using a bit of your Photoshop skills won’t hurt it. In fact just like filters, Photoshop can enhance your panorama and reduce that little fragments of error surrounding it. However, if you’re not familiar with Photoshop skills, then I suggest you avoid it but if you are then sure to use that talent for good.

All in all panoramic photos don’t have many conditions and rules to go through. Rather it’s the simplest and most amusing forms of photography. By being creative, you can surely make some good panoramas. It doesn’t have to consist of only landscapes or buildings. It could consist of various graffiti arts, perhaps modes of weather, stages of life, colored vassals and so on. Also, a wide frame makes it easier to bring different moments shared together as one. Nowadays trends as such are famous on social media anyway. Photography is all about saving memories as well, so this particular feature completes that step as well.

Here are some examples of panoramic shots :

Macro Photography

It is the art of photographing small things like insects, plants, jewelry, etc. by making them appear bigger. The word ‘Macro’ means large. This feature is installed on every camera nowadays to take exquisite photos of small creature or items by enlarging them. Both photographers and beginners favor the macro photography highly. The reason is that macro photography enables you to look more closely, find a new treasure, explore new entities. You can transform a simple bug into an extraordinary creature by this feature. Similarly, a small plant can be given an entirely new shape, texture and look with the help of this feature.

As much as it’s fun to use, the more it is limited in our cameras. In other words, macro photography requires a macro feature which is only available best in the DSLRs. Other digital cameras do contain the feature, but you would never get the same results. How many of you have dreamed of enlarging insects or being like those professional photographers that shows a clear, vivid image of a tarantula or ladybug or rain droplets falling from leaves? The thought is always nice to ponder upon. If you surf the internet, your passion for it increases. Not at the beginning but after getting a little hang of photography. Every beginner wants to achieve the learning of this feature.

It’s not that hard or complicated. The rules for it are simple. But this type requires a great amount of patience and a thrive for adventure. If you are not the type to explore then this feature might not be for you. You can still take macro photographs of other items but which is better? Some ornament or a complete figure of an insect, no matter how creepy it looks or how much it irks you.

Following are some of this tips one should keep in mind when going for macro photography:

Macro type Lens

Make sure the lens you use is of macro type. Such lenses are available in the market in wide ranges. It comes off in 50mm to 200mm. One can easily get their hands on a camera containing macro lens ranging from 50 to 80mm. However, this range doesn’t give you the desired result. It will enlarge your photos and create a dynamic approach to it. But, if you want a clearer form of a picture, I recommend buying the one ranging from 100 to 150mm. Using this range lenses, you will be able to spot the undeniable difference, the way your image will come out remains crystal clear.

However, such range lenses are extremely expensive. If financial means is stopping you then go for the ones in the range of 50 to 80mm. Yes, you would be able to get good macro photos with it, but you need to work a little extra as compared to the ones having a higher range of lenses.

High exposure

You need high exposure and increased shutter speed for this type. Nowadays, DSLRs consists of macro option in their cameras. Once you set your camera on macro, you are unable to change your exposure or shutter speeds. Fortunately, some cameras do offer this privilege, but they come in an expensive range. The solution to this problem will be to simply let the camera work if it contains an automated system. And then fix whatever feature you need to fix by editing. You can add up some exposure to your picture. The shutter shouldn’t be much of a problem because even in a macro sense, the camera offers such work on its own. And if you have the type of camera which allows you to fiddle with shutter and exposure even in macro form then adjust them by increasing the shutter speed and the exposure to get better results.


One of the most important things to consider when photographing macro. This is the principle item needed for such photography. In this, you add a filter to your lens. Those filters are measured in diopters and provide the basic necessity needed for macro photography. These come in a variety of measures. They vary for every type of camera and lens. So, make sure to consult the internet or some proper source or cameras before you buy one. These diopters help you in getting the precise picture. You will see a clear difference in pictures with and without the diopter function. Macro Photography is incomplete without this, no matter how many times you adjust the settings, lens, shutters, etc. If you don’t have a diopter, then your macro photography would be bland and dull. So if you can, then make sure to buy some.

Maintain the focus

For macro photography focus is highly important. You need to maximize your focus to the point where you get the perfect clear view of the micro. However, after some desired amount and trust me when I say that’s a huge amount, your focus stops increasing. You all have noticed it, after a certain point your focus stops. While you can achieve great things with such focus, you can achieve an even remarkable result with multiplied focus.

Question is: how? Simple, all you have to do is add some extension tubes to the camera. And you’ll have your focus multiplied to an even better range. It will allow you to take photos more closely and capture the details more intricately. Extension tubes are not hard to work with neither they are hard to miss. Upon careful researching, you can find them at a considerable price as well as learn the perfect method to use them.

Keep the aperture small

You need to keep your aperture small if you want to achieve good macro pictures. The lesser the size of the aperture, the lesser its ability to reflect light. Here’s why the usage of exposure becomes highly important. With a smaller aperture, you can get a clear view of the pictures, but without light, it wouldn’t be favorable. Hence, if your camera is manual then adjust your settings, if not then edit your settings.

Following are some of the examples of macro photography:



This is reciting a story by taking images rather than writing it down or recording. Photojournalism is the branch of photography where you let the images do the talking. Meaning the images you take must be based on some story, history or event. If you’re photographing a tragedy, you need to let it speak for itself via images than explain whats going on.

Photojournalism is heavily linked with journalism as well. The job of the journalist is always, to tell the truth, to respect people and to remember that the content he or she is about to present can change the lives of their respective subjects completely. So they need to be independent of any pressure and completely accurate in their facts. Photojournalists are supposed to follow the same principles the only difference being, instead of writing they are photographing. The images they capture should tell its own story. It should be candid and not rehearsed shots else there is no need to take them. Photojournalism requires the depth of your images, the way you see a certain event from your point of view. If your shots appear rehearsed, then you haven’t succeeded.

Following are some of the points to consider when taking photographs for journalism:

Plan ahead

This is the essential step in this type of photography. If you haven’t planned about what you’re going to do or what event you are going to cover then, you might lose some valuable time. Time is the only thing you don’t have when it comes to photojournalism. So plan ahead, take notes of the event you want to cover. Also, jot down any ideas you want to look for, if the event happens to be a long one then make sure to get your facts and research regarding the particular event correctly. It would be easy for you once you get there knowing the background. You’ll get a vivid idea of what to capture once you go into the field. You would be easily able to point out the elements which can make your photographs stand out.

Be prepared, always

This is essentially important when you’re photographing a war like situation or some highly important tragedy or event occurring. For instance, the hurricane of Katrina or the 4th of July or some war like situations. In these cases, make sure to prepare well when it comes to your gear as well as to your safety. Remember where there is life, there is drama. So if you endanger your life, you won’t be able to capture a thing. This type requires bravery and courage, but if you die, then you won’t be able to exhibit anything at all. Hence make sure you prepare in advance.

When it comes to your gear, the above-described events requires quick response and movement. If you waste your time in fiddling with your camera, you might lose the most important moments. Such assignments are usually not for beginners, but in time of need, you can expect anything. Hence preparation is not a bad thing to look out. Your gear should be assembled. It should be in a manual mode so as that you can have the liberty to choose your features. But if you’re not quick with your hands, then automatic is the best way to go with it. Plus as a beginner, automatic should be preferred. You have a lot to learn and experimenting in the field might get dangerous in some cases.

Respect other people, their space and privacy

In this type of photography, you have to examine people at their finest or their worst, then make sure to respect their privacy. If they are not willing then stay away, if they are then go ahead. Remember you earn respect both ways. You need to give some to get some. So be sure to implant this into your head when you are out in the field.

Quick with the reflexes

Move around and be quick about your reflexes. This type of photography requires your essential response. So be sure to be quick on your feet, your hands and your mind. You need to look for various angles to get your picture, don’t be afraid to get closer. You can try going and taking shots from a variety of angles and then, later on, decide with your editor which is worth the post. However, you can only achieve it if you’re quick. If you’re lurking around the corner and slowly making your way to it, then you won’t be able to capture key information. Since it’s the picture that speaks volumes so make sure yours does too, else what the use of doing this in the first place?

Get your facts right

Lastly, the element of truth is the same for you as well. As a photojournalist, the content you’re capturing can ruin or make someone’s life. If you are targeting another in the same way, make sure all your facts are true. All your information is based on some viable source and not some fake stance. Although fake news captures the attention of people, but you lose your credibility over it. Unless if you want to be regarded as someone with less credibility, then you can go about creating your images. But if not then make sure the work you do has the truth behind it. This is the primary law of journalism and photojournalism is even more inclined to it because you’ll be covering images, so you’re work should most definitely not be fake, practiced or shamed in any case.

Photojournalism is something I wouldn’t recommend it to beginners because its high-quality work and a beginner has to learn a great deal before he/she indulge themselves in it. As an assistant or apprentice yes, but never as the main figure. Either way following are some examples of photojournalism:

Candid Photography

Candid photography is the art of taking pictures while the subject is completely unaware of you doing so. Sometimes it can be while the subject is in motion or is exhibiting some emotion. Either way, when you take a photo without his knowing, or posing is called candid photography. Nowadays, the trend for candid photography seems to highly in fashion as many prefer natural looking pictures then the one they posed for. Many want both so it’s better to keep on filming in that case.

Candid photographs are the best type of photographs as they manage to capture the essence of life into them. For instance, a child will be playing at the same time laughing with her eyes displaying every part of her happiness, when you click such an image, you realize that the picture is worth a thousand words. You manage to capture the ease, comfort and relaxed form of a person and there’s nothing beautiful than a person feeling extremely comfortable in exhibiting his emotions. Candid photos are easy to capture as you don’t have to work hard when it comes to it. You just have to randomly take pictures while nobody notices your presence or rather your camera’s. Many photographers aim for a candid look nowadays as they know, the way it will capture life is the way no one else can.

Following are some things to keep in mind if you’re aiming for candid photography:

Carry your camera with you at all times

Carry your camera with you at all times. Candid photography doesn’t need a moment or a specific time to get started in rather it is present everywhere. On the street, in the car, on the bench of a park, along with the shores of the wave or along simple gatherings of friends, etc. When you have your camera with you, you can just keep on snapping without waiting for a perfect moment or rather passing up a perfect opportunity and regretting it later. So like I said, if you’re aiming for candid, then make sure your camera is there in the same vicinity you share. Also, since candid appear best when a person isn’t paying attention, so your camera should be with you whenever you catch a person laughing unconsciously or deep in thought etc

Capture different emotions

Usually at family gatherings or events, many want their candid pictures. If you happen to be their designated photographer, then you must provide them with posed as well as natural photographs. You catch a variety of emotions at family gatherings or events. Some laugh, others cry; some appear to be extremely bored, others are mainly up to something mainly mischief, so the amount of emotions on display is varying at all times. In such cases, if you take out your camera and suddenly take an image without turning off your flash, then that perfect moment can be ruined.

It is advisable to turn off your flash at all times when you’re aiming for candid as the sudden flash of light in the eyes blinds a person, and he or she immediately becomes alert for the photo or worse attempt to be natural to get a better candid. So make sure to turn off your flash and be highly inconspicuous in such events to make the most it or rather to capture the most of it. You’ll be surprised by the results you get when later on you check your images.

At unfamiliar events

Events, where you’re not familiar with people, should be managed properly. At first, you should make sure the next person is at ease with you and then click away. For this purpose try introducing yourself and asking them to pose for you so that they can trust you a bit. Then, later on, you can take photos of them while they’re not paying attention. Also after meeting with them at least once, makes them feel relaxed around you, and they won’t act unusual when they see you moving around so your photos will appear more candid than ever.

Better lighting

Since in candid photos, you can’t ask the next person to pose for you or move around so you can get better lighting. Hence, its applicable for you to move around and try to achieve the same thing. Keep on adjusting yourself rather than telling the other person to move around and then ‘pretend’ to talk the way they were before or something. Trust me when I say in the world of photography, there is nothing worse than a person pretending to be engaged in some work while you take photos. Anyone can guess that this is a fake stance created to fool the camera but the only person you’re fooling is yourself. Hence it’s better not to ruin the moment and move around yourself to get the perfect angle or picture or lighting.

For lighting purposes there is another solution, you can change your ISO settings as well as your aperture to get your desired results. Now it mostly depends upon the place but usually when you’re indoors, then the ISO should be kept at the maximum while the aperture adjusted to completely decreased version. But like I mentioned, it depends on the place and its specific lighting, most of the times photographers capture their required results by low ISOs too. In other words, make sure to set your camera at manual, so you can adjust and readjust till you get your desired result.

Balance your camera at the hip

Lastly, if you want to make sure nobody notices your presence then try taking pictures by balancing the camera at your hip. Yes, by balancing it at the hip, a person cannot see it and is relaxed either way. Most of the times when a person sees you holding the camera, they immediately panic hence ruining their picture. So around such people, balancing the camera at your hip is a great technique to ensure comfort, relaxation as well as great results.

Following are some examples of candid photography:

Forensic Photography

The most dangerous as well as the thrilling branch of photography is called forensic photography. In this, you’re supposed to record the events occurred at a crime scene, possibly looking for evidence and other details which can help the local police or anyone investigating it their work. Forensic Photography is extremely difficult and requires your utmost attention, precision, and your focus. Remember that you are helping in an investigation. If that alone doesn’t emphasize its meaning, I don’t know what will.

Forensic photographers have a strict schedule. They are sometimes needed at the most unfavorable hours regardless of the weather or other emergencies. People genuinely interested in forensic photography should keep in mind that this is entirely different from other photography. This is something you have to extremely careful with; your one mistake can pave you a way into the prison itself. You have to present your taken photographs in front of the jury or court. Beginners if interested are advised to understand the seriousness of this job before considering to aim for it. Unfortunately, I don’t have much experience regarding forensic photography.

However, I’m still aware of some common tips which can help you as a photographer in forensic studies:

Keep your eyes and mind completely open

You won’t be just taking photos rather you’ll be analyzing the entire scene. Everything in the court depends upon your skills here. So for this purpose, you should be fully alert and must analyze everything in your brain. It is important to figure out the scene in front of you and portraying it as such. Make sure you look for all the necessary details. Sometimes the most obvious things slip our mind so before packing up and skittering away, try going through with the crime area once again so if there is anything you missed in the first go, you can catch it in the second.

Be prepared always

Carry your entire gear with you whenever you visit a crime scene. Your gear should include tripod stand, lens, lights, charger slot, extension tubes and macro lens, etc. At a crime scene make sure to train your mind such that you can expect anything also expects any grotesque place as well as a lavish one. You never know whether the lighting will be perfect or whether the lens is capturing the picture vividly. Also, sometimes cases occur which have found a way to mess up the entire area.

Sometimes the things you need to capture are at some elevated height. You need your focus in full zoom as well as your lens in perfect form. Sometimes you need more than just your ordinary focus or mediocre lens. In such cases, you need extension tubes and an extra pair of the lens, so make sure always to go prepared. Your entire gear should be with you while you work so that if you need something else, you can get it easily.

Know photography basics

You must know the basics of photography, or simply you should be an expert at the basics of photography. Make sure the camera is set to manual so you can adjust it according to your requirements. You must know about scale, subject, and a reference object. Your photography should contain such elements also make sure that the photographs are just like their original forms. You must be aware of how your focus works or how much you need to perfect an image. Similarly, you must be aware of your exposure settings and your ISO settings as well.

Use flashes

Flashes are extremely important during forensic photography. No matter how much illuminated the area where the crime takes place is. You must have command on the flash system of your camera. Remember that flashes tend to catch the tiniest details because of their immense light and while in every other form of photography, they are a bit discouraged. Here in forensic, you are advised to keep your flashes at bay and make sure to have enough command so that it doesn’t bother you in time of need. Of course, it depends upon the situation entirely, some places you need a high flash while at others you need to keep it at its minimum.

If you can handle then only go for it

Faint heart and the ones with sensitive stomach are strongly discouraged from aiming for forensic photography because mostly you see extremely gore stuff at the crime place. So if you think you can’t stomach the look of it then don’t aim for it ever. But if you think you have guts to handle looking into the eyes of the victim then, by all means, do join. Forensic photography is detailed photography of anatomy, evidence and other stuff included in crime. A person should keep this in mind while thinking of applying for a job or internship.


Hence from all above, we can conclude that forensic photography is no fun and games. Rather it is the most serious forms of photography known. You are supposed to carry a lot on your plate. One mistake can turn the tables of an investigation completely. So the interested candidate should give full attention. They also require efficiency in work, now this efficiency isn’t based on quality produced images only rather it is more concerned with the time a person takes to cover the crime scene. It is the precision a person shows in his photographs while filming various signs. It is the way his mind works when he spots a clue or spots something different or unusual from its original character.

Forensic photographer despite his skills with the camera should also have the skills of making decisions. Along with it, answering questions and taking full responsibility for his actions regardless the situation is a must. Many police firms recommend people with high IQ quick shrew minded people who can prove their usefulness on the field. There are a variety of technical things to consider during forensics which are sadly out of my field of knowledge. However, you can thoroughly study them from this link provided from the internet

Following are some examples of forensic photography:

Event Photography

The type of photography which is adored by many. The photography in which you cover important events like marriage, christening, parties, concerts, etc. People pose for you in this type of photography, and you click away. Event photography can prove to be a glamorous as well as a tedious job. It involves interaction, manners, trust, and patience and above all time. When you’re covering an event say a wedding, you’re supposed to make sure you get all the clicks from the start moment till the end. Many will want to pose for while many will be annoyed with you. Some will be polite and will comply with your wishes while others will make sure to remind you how much of a pain you are.

Nevertheless, it is essential to remember that if you respond to them in the same way as they do, then you can kiss your career as an event photographer goodbye. As mentioned above, its all about interaction, trust, manners, and patience. If you’re covering a small party, then the chances are that things might get extremely awkward. But you must remain calm in all respect. Event photography seems fun, but in reality, it’s a very hard job especially when it comes to satisfying your clients. Also, usually events are the ladders you need to climb up to the top so make sure to avail the best of it.

Although covering events shouldn’t be hard but you must keep a few of these following points in your mind:

Dress like you belong there

Yes, you heard me right. Sometimes the events you’re supposed to cover are of high elite class. If you wear jeans and t-shirt to such places, then it automatically sets up a wrong impression. Do not overdo it, just dressing respectably won’t hurt you much. If you go to events where there is a dress code, then you should try to wear a suit as well. All in all, it doesn’t mean you completely indulge yourselves with the guests. Make sure your dress sense is respectable enough otherwise there might be a chance that you won’t receive any future gigs.

Make sure you have your entire gear

This means your tripod stand, extra memory cards, and lens, etc. For events, you always need a camera that can perform well in lights. At the same time does not go overboard with white balance or flash. Cameras with 6400 ISOs tend to perform well however you can always work with 1200 to 1500 as well. It is advisable to take images in their RAW form. You can always work with RAW+JPEG as well, but pictures were taken in RAW form come out more efficiently in events also you can always edit them later if they don’t reach up to the mark, but if you apply the JPEG as well and it doesn’t satisfy, then you will face some trouble.

Make sure not to get in someone’s private bubble

Yes, you’re a photographer, and your job is to take the photos but don’t ruin another person’s moment. Respectably stand aside while they do their work and then offer to take their picture. Or you can creatively take photos in such a way that their moment remains intact and your job is done too. Make sure not to disturb people over and over again or get in their faces. Maintain a respectable distance and take their permission before you click.

Look for moments

While events are all about posing, nobody likes their entire album filled with proper, prim pictures. While you’re at a party or a wedding, look carefully and observe. You might catch some wonderful moments of two people meeting after a long time or some enjoying carefree. Some conversations are memorable, and you can always pick them up by the expression on everyone’s faces. Look out for moments like these, capture them and make candid shots of people and their surroundings. You’ll realize later that all of it is worth it.

Talk to guests

Interact with the guests a bit before the event is in its full bloom, make sure to be polite and courteous. You can probably get great shots once the guests are comfortable with you. Apologize if you unintentionally hurt someone and if some want a conversation, give them enough on a professional level. Your next gig might ensure itself right there. Don’t show attitude or get frustrated when someone ruins the shot or wants more. Politely accept their request and when you have done it, walk away. If by any chance someone irks you up then politely explain your situation and reason with him. Remember the people that smile at you are also looking for one moment to bash you completely so don’t give them that chance.

Photoshop skills

If you don’t have any Photoshop skills, then I suggest you learn some before going for event photography. The reason for this is that the client expects their photos to be nicely edited and immaculately. If you give them the same bland photos, then they might strike up an argument. Everyone wants to have good pictures however sometimes you can’t achieve that with normal RAW form, so it’s better to edit them. Apply focus on some, blur backgrounds and give a good composition of the face. Editing is very highly important. If you plan to achieve a good sum of money just with your camera, then you’re wrong my friend. You have to be able to edit good photos. Again it doesn’t mean you overdo it; rather it should be just enough to enhance the features of the photo as well as brighten it up.

Use wide and low apertures

Make sure you get photos with wide apertures as well low ones. The best option would be to set the camera to manual mode so you can fix your gear accordingly.

Following are some of the examples of event photography:

Fashion Photography

Fashion photography is the branch of photography which is highly devoted to clothing, beauty, glamour and other items. The word fashion stirs up a lot of things in us. Girls immediately think about new clothes or bags or shoes while boys mostly cringe away or think about the latest Levi jeans. Fashion photography is for those who want to step out of their comfort zones. It is difficult but extremely enjoyable. It requires attention and precision at the same you’ll learn a lot from it. Fashion photography, in my opinion, is best for a beginner. Because as a beginner you’ll come to the studio empty-minded, but slowly your wheels will turn and eventually you’ll reach something great.

However, even a beginner should have some expertise in lighting, contrast, exposure and other elements of the camera. As a fashion photographer, you have to work with models. Make sure to familiarize yourself a little with the crew present there in making her glamorous. So, that you are relaxed and comfortable in the environment and during the shoot. Remember everyone in the studio has already been part of this, it’s you who came out of the blue so even though the pressure might be immense, you’ll find out you quite like it.

Following are some of the tips you should keep in mind when aiming for fashion photography:

Work in a studio

It is always best to work in a studio. However, most of the times the studios are extremely pricey, and it becomes difficult to manage it in the required budget. In those cases, go out, but as a beginner, the studio might be an easy run for you. The benefits of the studio are that it already has huge lights, so that means you need not adjust your camera after every shoot. Also the adjustments you require in your camera will be that of light, exposure, etc. It would be best if you manage to work it out beforehand. While you’re in the studio, walk around and try to analyze different shots in your head. It might help you out and at the same time take some trial shots with the lightning. Also, check it and see how much more work you have to do on it.

Work with experienced models

Working with experienced models is also recommended. As a beginner, you don’t know how these shoots work or even if you do, it is difficult to get the desired pose from them. Or in some cases come up with a pose at all. So before starting, make sure to get the model to relax a bit and let her feel at comfort with you, you’ll find that it becomes bearable after this. However, this shouldn’t be a problem if you’re working with an experienced model because having to do this work many times, she would know how to pose and what to do with her hair and lips.

Work at your utmost efficiency

The shot won’t come to you; you have to go to it and catch it at its precise moment. You have to move, you have to bounce, you have to climb, and you have to run, every time it’s you who have to do the work. Not the model or other people but you so make sure to move around the specific area and try taking photos from different angles. Doing this will make you achieve some photos, and you’ll know which angle works best.

Do not hesitate in taking advises

Take advises from people around you or working with you. If they present an idea to you, do listen to it and contemplate it. But never let them take the reins of your horse. Yes, listen but do not let them have the final say otherwise your shoot will be narrating someone else’s story. Photography is an art, and if you let any other near the canvas to complete your niche, then that particular painting will never be yours again. The same goes with fashion photography, you give someone else the camera, and you might as well let go of your dream. This doesn’t mean dismissing ideas. As I mentioned before, listen to their ideas, maybe try out a few of their poses but don’t let them direct your entire shoot.

Understand the basics

You need to understand a few things before you start clicking. First, what type of fashion they are portraying in the shoot? Is it clothes with bright colors or accessories maybe? If they are bright provocative clothing, then your background should be tropical. If it is dark and seductive, then go with black and white or wintry background. Second, work in your mind before. Go through whatever they’re trying to sell and analyze the situation in your mind. Try to imagine what will work best, what sort of lights should you use, do you need exposure or not, etc. Remember photography is all about imagination and creation. So, if you don’t deliver those two aspects in your work, then your work will turn out to be bland and dull.

Tell them your needs

If the background is set up for you and you don’t quite get satisfaction out of it then be sure to point it out. It is extremely important because beginners tend to fade out in the background. You click the photos, they might look great, but they won’t look yours, or maybe they’ll look like those of every other photographer. Remember you know your strengths and weaknesses, and if you don’t use this knowledge to your advantage, then you’ll lose your charm and essence.

If by any chance, you work best in the street and you think you can deliver great photos there then don’t hesitate to push them towards it. If you work great with props then, by all means, say it out loud. However, make sure you don’t forget your manners while at it. You can achieve all your work along with respect if you have good manners. Do the same thing harshly, and you might get a good result, but you’ll forever taint your image.

Following are some of the examples of fashion photography:



Infrared Photography

The type of photography which allows you to explore the world of unseen. Infrared photography is the type that requires the use of infrared in its image sensors. The Infrared rays are not visible to the human eye and usually range somewhere in between 700nm to 900nm. Infrared photography opens up a completely new world for the photographers to explore. Once entered, you may find it hard to leave. Infrared photography is a bit complex than other types and also requires special attention. You have to adjust your camera into a form that works best with infrared. Most of the times you aren’t able to achieve your desired infrared picture, which also complicates things. But the main issue would be that infrared happens to be a whole new dimension.

The settings requirement we need for other types don’t work for this one. You need an extra talent for this one. Sometimes the entire camera needs to be converted for good, just to achieve this type. Think of it in this way, we give a whole new face to a photograph with the help of Photoshop, but even Photoshop has its limitations. Infrared is something which surpasses those limitations. If this doesn’t give you an idea about its vastness, I’m not sure what will.

Following are some of the tips you should keep in your mind while aiming for infrared photography:

Get a clear insight on your subject

Yes, choose your subject beforehand. Don’t go random with this part. Random is good, but to learn its grounds, you need to be clear about the smallest details. Choose your subject and observe it thoroughly. Many photographers advise against open skies. It’s better to choose a more dramatic sky provided the sky is what you’re aiming for in your pictures. Since infrared completely transforms your photographs, so you must know that while we prefer open skies in our photographs for more vibrancy, the same open sky would ruin your photo in infrared. Usually, you have to be walking in the opposite direction to get to infrared. Similarly when your subject appears to be a living thing, then infrared can give it a volume that no other filter could. Every filter has its specialty, but you’ll realize that infrared comes with its skills and surprises.

Convert your camera

In case if you want to invest yourself completely in infrared photography, then you have to convert your camera completely. Usually, some cameras nowadays allow infrared in their settings but if not then you have an option of converting your camera. The good part about this is that you’d get to explore infrared completely and there’s a chance you will never miss other filters and settings at all. However, the bad part is you will never be able to try the other branches we have discussed. You will be able to get pictures but only in an infrared version, not any other filter or setting.

But like I said, once immersed in infrared completely, you’ll find it difficult to move on from it towards the colors or other tones. Many photographers enjoy infrared, and for beginners, it is best to practice it at first. Who knows you might learn to love it for good! For other types of photos, you’ll need another camera provided you have converted your original one. My advice would be to convert a cheap second hand one. Why? We’ll discuss it soon enough.

Try Infrared filters

If you want to try out infrared but still want to have a connection with the other types, then the best option for you would be to buy the infrared filter. Yes, just like UV filter and others, we have now infrared filters available in the market. For those of you who are wondering what it is, well it’s a filter of deep red color which you have to apply to the lens to get your desired results. It proves to be advantageous as you can always remove the filter and resume your other elements as well. So if you have only one camera and you want to try out all the types with it, then the infrared filter is your go-to option.

Use cameras with high quality lens

Cameras with the high-quality lens are the most desirable cameras around the globe. They work well and are efficient. The performance they give is of extremely high quality. When it comes to infrared, however, the facts change themselves a bit. You’ll find that the cameras with the best lens don’t give you the desired image you want when shooting in infrared. It is duly noted by many photographers that second-hand cameras with a bit wore out lens work best with infrared. The reason is that the more your image appears to be in RAW form, the better your result in case of an infrared filter will be.

This brings us to our second point, whenever you’re planning on taking photographs with infrared filter then make sure that your settings remain on the RAW form. If you work with and RAW and JPEG then the results you get will be something beyond unsatisfactory. So stop yourself if you’re planning to take images in any other form than RAW when aiming for infrared. When it comes to lens part, remember that everyone works differently, some might get great results with a great lens as well, but the majority I’ve seen has recommended worn out lens however all remain united when talking about infrared images taken in RAW form.

Keep the white balance at minimum

Lastly, make sure to keep your white balance and exposure to a minimum or adjust it according to your surroundings. Keep your camera on auto or if you want then manual works too. Working with auto gives you just the right amount of balance, but sometimes it tends to have its drawbacks as well so you can always adjust it to manual mode. For most out there auto works fine, but as pointed out several times, it varies with different people.

Some examples of infrared images are:



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